New probate fees to affect many estates

The government has revived plans to raise probate fees in England and Wales.

A new, banded structure for probate fees in England and Wales is to be introduced, according to a written statement issued a week after the 2018 Budget by the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Justice.

The announcement comes after the absence of inheritance tax (IHT) reforms in the Budget, despite the Chancellor commissioning a review by the Office of Tax Simplification in January 2018. The only change to IHT announced in October was a small adjustment to the legislation for the residence nil rate band – this being such a complex piece of legislation, it had been wrongly drafted.

New fee structure

If new probate fees sound familiar, it is because a very similar announcement was made in March 2017. At the time the proposal provoked widespread criticism, because the higher levels were seen to be more of a new tax than a simple fee adjustment. In the event the planned change fell victim to the legislative logjam around the last General Election and disappeared.

Since then, the government has taken on board some of the original criticism and cut the fees they are proposing, particularly for larger estates:

Value of estate

Old Proposal

New Legislation

Up to £50,000 or exempt from requiring a grant of probate



£50,001 – £300,000



£300,001 – £500,000



£500,001 – £1,000,000



£1,000,000 – £1,600,000



£1,600,001 – £2,000,000



Over £2,000,000




The current fees are £215 for individual applications and £155 via a solicitor, with nothing payable if the estate value is up to £5,000. Under the new banding, there is a maximum effective charge for probate of 0.5% of the estate, which is triggered at £50,000 (a £250 fee) and £500,000 (a £2,500 fee).

The new fees are currently scheduled to come into effect 21 days after the legislation is passed, and there is very little that can be done to mitigate the impact. They are payable even if the estate passes with no IHT liability, as is usually the case on the first death of a married couple or civil partners, or if the value of the estate is covered by the available nil rate and residence nil rate bands.

There are still opportunities to save IHT with careful planning and, as the Budget made no significant changes, there remains a window of opportunity before any reforms are introduced.

If you would like help updating your estate plans ahead of the review publication please get in touch.

The value of tax reliefs depends on your individual circumstances.

Tax laws can change.

The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate tax or trust advice.

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